How do you segment your customers?

Well-segmented customers for maximum profitability!
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6 min

Customer segmentation is the process of dividing a company's customer base into homogeneous groups, called segments. Each segment groups together customers with similar characteristics, such as age, gender, geographical location, purchasing behavior or interests. This practice enables companies to better understand their customers and adapt their marketing strategies accordingly.

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Why is customer segmentation important?

Customer segmentation has many advantages for a company. It enables :

  • Personalize offers and messages: By understanding the specific needs and preferences of each segment, you can offer personalized offers and messages that resonate with your target audience.
  • Optimize marketing campaigns: By targeting each segment with specific campaigns, you increase the chances of conversion and maximize the ROI of your marketing efforts.
  • Improve customer satisfaction: By offering products and services tailored to the needs of each segment, your customers' satisfaction and loyalty increase.
  • Identify new opportunities: Customer segmentation can reveal under-exploited segments or unmet needs, which can open up new growth opportunities for your company.

Customer segmentation methods

1. Demographic segmentation

Demographic segmentation involves dividing customers according to characteristics such as age, gender, income, education and occupation. This method is useful for understanding the needs and behaviors of different demographic groups.

2. Geographical segmentation

Geographic segmentation involves dividing customers according to their geographical location. This can include criteria such as country, region, city or even zip code. Geographic segmentation takes into account cultural differences, regional preferences and economic characteristics specific to each area.

3. Behavioral segmentation

Behavioral segmentation focuses on the actions and behaviors of customers. It divides them according to their purchasing habits, product or service usage, loyalty, level of engagement and other relevant behavioral factors. This segmentation enables customers to be targeted according to their past and current behavior, which can provide valuable insights into their preferences and needs.

4. Psychographic segmentation

Psychographic segmentation is based on customers' personality traits, values, attitudes and lifestyles. It aims to understand the underlying motivations that influence customers' purchasing decisions and preferences. Psychographic segmentation can include aspects such as interests, opinions, aspirations, cultural values and lifestyle behaviors.

Customer segmentation tools

There are various tools and techniques available for effective customer segmentation. Here are some of the most commonly used tools:

RFM analysis

RFM (Recency, Frequency, Amount) analysis is a method of evaluating customers according to the recency of their purchases, the frequency of their purchases and the total amount spent. This method makes it possible to identify the most valuable and committed customers, as well as to detect at-risk or inactive customers. Kiliba is a marketing automation tool that uses this analysis method in a totally automated way to send personalized emails to the right person at the right time. Find out more about Kiliba's segmentation functionality.

Customer Relationship Management (CRM) tools

Customer Relationship Management (CRM) tools are software designed to collect, organize and analyze customer data. They enable customer interactions to be tracked, information to be centralized and detailed profiles to be created. CRM facilitates customer segmentation by providing valuable data on behavior, preferences and purchase histories.

Data analysis and data mining

Data analysis and data mining are methods that use statistical and computer techniques to extract information and patterns from customer data. These methods can identify patterns, trends and hidden relationships between variables. They can be used to refine segmentation by identifying specific sub-groups or associations.

How to use customer segments

Once you've segmented your customers, it's essential to know how to use these segments strategically. Here are some tips on how to get the most out of your customer segments:

  • Personalize your communication: Use information about each segment to target them by creating personalized, relevant messages. Tailor your tone, content and offers to the needs and characteristics of each segment.
  • Develop specific offers: Identify the specific needs of each segment and propose offers that meet those needs. Whether it's customized promotions, products or services, make sure each segment feels taken into account.
  • Optimize your marketing strategy: By understanding the characteristics and behaviors of each segment, you can optimize your marketing campaigns. Choose the right communication channels, adjust your advertising budgets and adapt your strategy to maximize results.
  • Monitor and evaluate performance: Track the results of your marketing actions for each segment. Measure conversion rates, sales generated and customer satisfaction. This will enable you to adjust your strategies according to the performance of each segment.

The 4 benefits of customer segmentation

Customer segmentation has several advantages for your company, including :

  1. Better customer knowledge: By segmenting your customers, you get a more detailed view of who they are, their preferences and behaviors.
  2. Improved personalization: Segmentation enables you to personalize your offers and messages, increasing customer engagement and satisfaction.
  3. Increased marketing efficiency: By targeting each segment with specific campaigns, you maximize the effectiveness of your marketing efforts and increase conversion rates.
  4. Enhanced customer loyalty: By responding to the specific needs of each segment, tu strengthens customer loyalty and satisfaction, promoting retention.

The challenges of customer segmentation

While customer segmentation is a powerful strategy, it also presents challenges:

  • Collecting accurate and relevant data can be a complex task.
  • Segmentation requires regular in-depth analysis to remain relevant.
  • It can be difficult to find the right balance between fine segmentation and a broader approach to maximize results.

An example of customer segmentation: email automation

Kiliba is a marketing automation tool designed for e-tailers. The tool connects to the e-tailer's online store to access the customer database, which it then segments. Using RFM (Recency, Frequency, Amount) analysis, Kiliba automatically categorizes each customer into one of several segments (Champion, Loyal, At-Risk, etc.) based on their history and behavior. Once the customer segmentation has been completed, the tool takes care of sending the right message at the right time to the right person, via personalized emails featuring the online store's colors and the recipient's name and preferences.

Kiliba's use of customer segmentation reduces marketing costs and improves customer loyalty. To find out more, contact Kiliba.


Customer segmentation is an invaluable tool for better understanding your customers and optimizing your marketing strategies. By using the right methods and tools, you can create relevant segments that will enable you to personalize your offers, optimize your campaigns and build customer loyalty. Take the time to analyze your data and segment your customer base to improve efficiency and drive business growth.

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Stack the odds in your favour

We collect this data to contact you in order to do a demo of all Kiliba features and to offer you services made for you. We also use your email address to send you our newsletters about Kiliba services. If you do not want to receive them, you can check the box below:

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